Vermiculture -- raising worms in beds.

vermicompost using the castings from the worms for enriching the soil composition.

Garden Bell Jar- French developed t or bell jar,  glass shaped like a dome or bell. To protect an early garden plant from  frost. This would also act as a mini green house to hasten the spring's warmth.

 Hybrid Seeda controlled pollination process using plants that have desirable attributes to produce a specific type of crop. These seeds will not produce a second crop with predictable results if seed is saved from first crop. Patented to protect intellectual property rights

 

Heirloom Seed are old-time varieties, open-pollinated instead of hybrid, and saved and handed down through multiple generations of families. All heirloom seeds are open pollinated, but not all open pollinated seeds are heirloom.

 GMO Seedthis is when the seed itself has traits other than the plant added to the genome Such as drought, chemical ,disease, resistance. Patented to protect intellectual property rights.

 

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Bolt  - to go to seed,  Example: Dill or Basil will flower and go to seed thus end productive phase, control by pinching off flower buds.

Dampen Off - Term used when seedlings get too wet from overwatering or dew and collapse.

Harden Off - To slowly toughen a plant up to a new climate either cold, heat,sun, shade or wind.

Germination - The process within a seed that leads to visible penetration of the seed coat by the radicle.  It begins with water uptake and involves formation and activation of enzymes that convert starch, fats and protein in the endosperm and/or cotyledons into smaller chemical components that are transported to sites of embryo growth.

IPM - Integrated Pest Management. The gardening method that keeps the area clean of insects and host areas.

pH - potential Hydrogen ions. Acidity or alkalinity of the soil is measured by pH. Basically it measures the amount of lime (calcium) contained in your soil. Acid soils are most common in moist climates, alkaline soils are most common in dry climates. A soil with a pH of 7 is considered neutral. A soil with a pH lower than 7.0 is considered acidic, a pH rating above 7 indicates alkalinity.

Stamen - Male reproductive structure of a flower.  It is composed of a filament and an anther.

Asparagus- is a member of the Lily family and  is related to onions, leeks, and garlic.